An extremely HAPPY SANKRANTI to all my dear friends and readers. I want to share only a little about how the festival is celebrated in my hometown. SANKRANTI is an important festival for Telugus and people in the villages anticipate this harvest festival, which has diverse attractions for different people. With crops, harvested people have both wealth and leisure to create merry with. Here is the festival of peasants. Per month ahead of the festival, the harvesting of crops begins.
Sankranthi celebrations include Haridasulu,gGangiredulu, Sankranthi rangoli’s, Bhogi mantalu, Bommala koluvu, Kodipandalu, Sankranthi special snacks.
we are going to discuss a brief of about each of occasion in detail
As the wintertime sun pierces through the fog, the melodious rendition of a ‘Haridas’ from Sundarakanda or Bhagavatam on Sankranthi makes an auspicious beginning for people. Dressed in an attire unique to the art form, with an ‘akshaya patra’ on the top, a ‘tambura ‘, and ‘chidatalu ‘, the Haridasu is not just a symbol of our culture and tradition, but additionally, the one who ushers in the festive spirit associated with Sankranti. He looks like Naradamuni as in Purans in that attire.
Haridas goes from house to house and asks for bhiksha. Haridas says “Krishnarpanam” when he receives offerings from people. Usually, Haridasus occupy Diksha, which lasts a month from Dhanurmaasam to Bhogi. This tradition is known as Bhakti Sampradayam.
Throughout the festival, the majestic ‘Gangireddu’ – the bull, draped in various hues of cloth, visit every doorstep having its master glorifying the significance of the festival along with his folk tunes. Gangireddulaata,’ a wonderful art form with Simhachalam in North Andhra Pradesh as its origin, has come to keep as the key tradition to enthrall people in front of the Sankranti. The rich traditional art form is a vigorous mix of bovine and human coordination skill. That is among the prime attractions for children in both rural and urban areas.
Every one of these elements is section of Sankranti festival, which is on the wane in the cities. They are still alive, especially in rural areas.
The practice of hosting Bommala Koluvu for Sankranti can be slowly diminishing, with the exception of a few families. It’s basically showcasing of dolls, mostly replicas of gods and goddesses for three days commencing with Bhogi. Bommala means toys’and Koluvu means durbar. Just like the king’s durbar, many different dolls are arranged beautifully in a selected place of the house and displayed to all the guests who arrived at seeing it. As the dolls are put up for show during Sankranti here, elsewhere, the custom is honored during Navaratri.
SANKRANTI is a four day festival in Andhra Pradesh
Day 1- Bhogi Panduga (Bhogi)
Day 2 – Pedda Panduga, SANKRANTI (Surya)
Day 3 – Kanuma Panduga (Kanuma)
Day 4 – Mukkanuma
The four-day Sankranti, the harvest festival is celebrated with fervor and gaiety with the first day being celebrated as Bhogi, which falls on 14th January in 2016. Bogi Mantalu, the Bonfire ritual observed on the eve of Bhogi festival. On this very day before sunrise youngsters collect dry twigs, grass, waste paper etc., make a ton & light a bonfire. The significance of the bonfire, in which can be burnt the agricultural wastes and firewood is to help keep warm over the last lap of winter. Girls dance around the bonfire, singing songs in praise of the gods, the spring, and the harvest.
Women and girls draw patterns (rangoli) on a lawn using mortar powder. They make Gobbemmas, that’s lumps of cow dung and place it on the drawings facing their houses. The day is popularly designed for cleaning – all items that are bad and useless are burned on the day. Earlier only agricultural waste used to burn on the day.
On the Bhogi day people, decorate their homes and buy new vessels and other utensils and foodstuffs needed for Makar Sankranti celebrations.
But sadly nowadays Bhogi is noted for pollution caused by the burning of tires and plastic waste.
The second day is celebrated as the main festival and called as Makara Sankranti. The festival marks the start of Dakshinayana or the lunar half the zodiac calendar. The significance is that the Sun enters the Makara rasi or Capricorn sign to herald the Makara Sankranti.
Though you can find several Sankranti Festival Recipes, the special dish of the afternoon is chakkara Pongali, an assortment of husked green gram and rice are cooked with jaggery and flavored with cardamom. In certain parts, the spicy version of the same is cooked with salt and pepper known as Ven Pongal. We usually make only the sweet version. Dressed up in their best, people visit temples to provide their prayers.
Kanumu the third day is celebrated as a cattle festival. On this very day the peasants wake up early to bathe their cattle & paint their horns with bright colours and tie bells around their necks. Some farmers go out to their fields, sacrifice a goat or perhaps a sheep and sprinkle the blood within their fields. Still some people take cooked rice and milk to the cattle shed, offer some of it to the cattle and take the remainder to their fields and scatter it there. They believe this offering keeps the ghosts away from their crops
Sankranti Festival Recipes or Rich food is prepared on all the three days and newly-weds usually celebrate the festival at the bride’s residence.
Have a look at the Sankranti Festival Recipes
The fourth day, Mukkanuma is famous one of the non-vegetarians of the society. People don’t eat any non-vegetarian during the initial three days of the festival and eat it only on your day of Mukkanuma.
Sankranti usually represents all of the four days together. It is celebrated in nearly every village with adventurous games in South India. Whether it is the cockfights in Andhra, Bullfighting in Tamil Nadu or Elephant Mela in Kerala, there’s the huge amount of illegal betting but the so-called tradition continues to play a significant role in the festival. Though illegal, I think the cock fights still continue in some rural areas.
This is really a gist of what I recall when I had visited my village inside my school days….there could be a large number of changes, some traditions may have vanished. But this is what remains in my own memory as SANKRANTI CELEBRATIONS.Likewise, every state in India celebrates it their particular way but the key motto being the same. It is just a festival which bonds hearts, families, friends, and communities. It is just a festival of change and season, seasons drifting from cold to a milder side and also depicting the want of positive, optimistic and healthy change in our lives, approaches and attitudes. Hope you enjoyed!!