Rangoli is derived from the Sanskrit word ‘rangavalli’. Rangoli is an art which precedes sculpture and painting. It is both an auspicious and a preliminary necessity in any religious ritual. It is a custom to draw rangoli at the site of any auspicious religious ritual such as a holy festival, a religious festival, an auspicious function like wedding, ritualistic worship, a vowed religious observance, etc.
These rangolis are the major attractions during Sankranthi celebrations. During the three days of the festival different rangolis are designed and even gobbema is placed in the rangoli which is one of the customs of the festival.
Gobbema is made of cow dung and is decorated with kumkum, turmeric powder, and flowers which are kept in the Sankranthi rangoli and worshiped as goddess Goda Devi.
Following are some of the rangoli designs: